Egyptians were great builders with a distinct artistic sense. They knew how to strike the chord and build the wonders. To this day the engineers of the world are taken by surprise by the technology they used at that time to build such masterpieces. Ancient Egypt Structures and Monuments are the proof of great heights that Egyptians touched through their magic hands. Whatever they touched looked heaven descended.
Discussion on Egypt Structures and Monuments
When we discuss the ancient Egypt Structures and Monuments the description would be incomplete if the pyramids are not mentioned, the renowned lot among the others.
Pyramids are probably the most famously Ancient Egypt Structures.
They are till date considered as the essence of whole Egyptian society. If India is known by the name land of Taj Mahal then Egypt is known by the name land of pyramids. They are tall, grand and colossal.
The chronology of pyramid building dates back to eons away. The first pyramid being the one erected at Saqqara. It had steps thus due to this reason got the name the step pyramid. After this, the structure of pyramids changed and they got plane sides instead of the stepped ones e.g. the pyramid of Giza had plain sides.
These plain sided pyramids were built by molding the granite slab according to the requirements then the slab was expurgated and stored in the mines till the downpour season. It was during this season they filled the boats with these slabs and easily arrived to the pyramid building sites and after checking other specifications, laying process used to start and once placed it was followed by polishing.
After the successful completion of these processes pictograms, calligraphies, and figurines were positioned.
It is known that when the pyramids building was not started or introduced the entombing process was done in tombs. It consisted of a chantry and a burial chamber. The chantry walls had depictions of an imaginary door which represented the connection between the alive and the mortal. Then, there were pictures of sepulcher owner, followed by passages which had dead person’s necessities.
The burial chamber was on the back side and the walls of it were also decorated with paintings of vicars and helpers. They symbolized that the departed will be escorted by them in his journey to next world.
3. Statuettes and monuments
These are the sculptures built by the Egyptians which had varied figures e.g. ruler, eagle, tiger, or a muddle of king and animals. Sphinx is one such example which has the face of the ruler or monarch and body of a lion.
These are the ancient Egyptian structures that complete the picture of Egyptian architecture. Egyptian temples never were the exact temples, as per the dictionary connotation of the actual term. Their temples had a wider usage and were known by the general term ‘God’s mansion’. These mansions apart from worshiping actions they served as citadels, and managerial centers.
Temples received bequests in form of land, steers, and occasionally the leftovers of warfare and all these offerings were used to provide provisions to the labors, vicars, and even town dwellers.
The Structures and Monuments in ancient Egypt were not the just great works of architecture; they even served many utilities and had proper reasons as to why they were built.